Pope Benedict NOT the 7th Pope of Revelation – the seven heads are not seven popes, but seven forms of the Roman empire/system of government

rome

There is much speculation going about that the resignation of Pope Benedict relates to Revelation 17:8-11 and that we are at the time of the eighth pope and it will be the last pope. That is not what the Bible declares:

Revelation 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is. 9 And here [is] the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. 10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, [and] the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. 11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.

The beast that the woman sat on was seven hills and the seven hills were seven kings. What city has seven hills? Rome. The seven kings, five are fallen one is and one is to come. Rome had seven different types of leadership? 753BC Rome was a kingdom and a kingdom has what?

They had a king and it made them no different to any other kingdom in the world but the Bible says when they took supremacy over the world they were diverse form the rest. Why were they diverse? In 508 Rome became a
republic. They had an election. They elected a president or a dictator.

One person they elected. No longer by royal line anymore it was by election they did this. They had a king and then they had a dictatorship, a president and then Rome decided to change the way it ran and it had a decemvirate which means they had ten men ruling Rome. That was one of the heads of Rome of this beast.

The seven mountains, the seven kings. How many men? Ten. They also then had a change as it didn’t work. Then they had two men called consular and each had the power of veto so if they didn’t agree it couldn’t get done. Isn’t that a good way of doing it. This was Rome, it wasn’t a good way of doing it. Two men were ruling that nation. Was it good enough? No. Then they had three men. One of those men was Julius Caesar. In 27BC he kicked off the other three and Rome ceased to be an Empire. Then they had the king and then they had one man and then how many men? Two men, three men, and ten men. It is still Rome. Doesn’t matter how many man. Dictatorship was dictatorship. In the days of John who was ruling? Rome. Now the sixth is ruling. One is and one is to come. Who is that? Our friend the pope. He is to rule. A king in the Bible doesn’t mean one person. It can mean one, ten or fifteen people. If they dictate that is a king. That is what the Bible states. This is a description of what happened to Rome continued. Rome rose again in the form of the papacy. Rome continued as a kingdom but it is all to do with warfare.

Daniel 7:7-8 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.

The eyes of a man speaking great things. It’s the Roman power of the papacy.

Two years later, 1302, this was followed by a confirming bull, unum sanctum, in which Pope Boniface VIII, ex cathedra, declared: “There are two swords, the spiritual and the temporal: our Lord said not of these two swords, ‘It is too much,’ but, ‘it is enough.’ Both are in the power of the Church: the one the spiritual, to be used by the Church, the other the material, for the Church: the former that of priests, the latter that of kings and soldiers, to be wielded at the command and by the sufferance of the priest. One sword must be under the other, the temporal under the spiritual. The spiritual instituted the temporal power, and judges whether that power is well exercised. It has been set over the nations and over the kingdoms to root up and pull down. If the temporal power errs, it is judged by the spiritual. To deny this, is to assert, with the heretical Manicheans, two coequal principles. We therefore assert, define, and pronounce that it is necessary to salvation to believe that every human being is subject to the pontiff of Rome.” {Ecclesiastical Empire, A. T. Jones, page 421}

“The explanation of which is, that Rome in its Pagan state, had seven different forms of executive government, viz: republican, consular, tribunitial, decemviral, dictatorial, and one is, imperial, the other is not yet come, that is kingly; for it is plain that the antichristian beast is called the eighth, altho’ he is of the seven; see 11th verse, the simple solution of which is, that the union of the red dragon with the mystery of Babylon, or Rome temporal with Rome ecclesiastical, will form the eighth executive, government of the Roman kingdom, deriving all power from those seven forms of government and will continue to exist until Christ’s second coming, when he will destroy those who destroy the Earth. {1833 WiM, ESH 35.4}

Now five of those forms of Government had passed away at the time when John received his instruction from the angel; so that the beast, which would be wisdom to number, could not be the antichristian beast, for that he had not yet come into existence and did not until about 442 years afterwards. {1833 WiM, ESH 36.1}

“The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sitteth, and there are seven kings; five are fallen, one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space, and the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.” These texts explain the whole matter; for it is evident that the beast here alluded to was the seven-headed monster who was then in existence when John wrote, for five of its xecutive forms of government (of which kings and mountains are figures) had fallen. Republican Rome had five different offices under that particular form of government–her senatorial, tribunate, consular, decemvir, and tirumvirate. These are fallen. One is, (that was when John wrote his prophecy,) Imperial, and the other had not yet come, Kingly, which is the same as the ten horns. For when the Western Empire fell, Rome was divided into ten kingdoms,”And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.”

These have one mind, (that is, were all converted to the Catholic faith,) and shall give their power and strength unto the beast, Papal Rome.

“These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them; for he is Lord of lords and King of kings; and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.” And although this beast, whatever form it may assume, whether Pagan or Papal, may for a season tyrannize over and trample on the followers of Christ, through the agency of the evil power of empires, kingdoms, states, or republics, yet He who rules over all, will, in the end, destroy all these powers, and himself reign King of kings and Lord over all. “And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and cut her flesh, and burn her with fire.” {1842 WiM, MWV2 79.2}

Secondly, by the 9th verse of Rev. xvii. I am led to believe that “the mind which hath wisdom,” (referring to the text under consideration) was to count the beast before and afterwards described in said 17th chapter, especially in the 10th verse, “and there are seven kings; five are fallen, and one is, the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.” The explanation of which is, that Rome, in its Pagan state, had seven different forms of executive government, viz: republican, consular, triumviate, decemvir, dictorial, and one is, imperial, the other is not yet come, that is kingly; for it is plain that the anti-christian beast is called the eighth, although he is of the seven; see 11th verse, the simple solution of which is, that the union of the red dragon with the mystery of Babylon, or Rome temporal with Rome ecclesiastical, will form the eighth executive government of the Roman kingdom, deriving all power from those seven forms of government, and will continue to exist until Christ’s second coming, when he will destroy those who destroy the earth. {July 15, 1841 JVHe, HST 58.3}

Now five of those forms of government had passed away at the time John received his instruction from the angel; so that the beast, which would be wisdom to number, could not be the anti-christian beast, for that he had not yet come into existence, and did not until about 442 years afterwards. {July 15, 1841 JVHe, HST 58.4}

Now, in Rev. xvii, we have an ecclesiastical power, representing a woman riding on this beast. Of this I shall have to speak hereafter. I, therefore, refer to it here, only to identify the beast with that which Daniel saw. In Rev. xvii 18, we are told: “And the woman, which thou sawest, is that great city which reigneth over the kings of the earth.” Now, every school-boy knows what great city ruled over the kings of the earth in St. John’s time. It is as much a simple question, What is the capital city of these United States? There was no other city than Rome that did this. Rome, then, is symbolized by the beast of the prophet, as well as by that of the apostle. But we are further told, “The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings; five are fallen and one is, and the other is not yet come,” etc. Verses 9, 10. Now, the seven-hilled city-was a favorite term among the Latin poets and other authors, when speaking of Rome. And we all know how, in our day, it has passed into a proverbial expression. {May 24, 1864 JWe, ARSH 202.1}

But then, if this were all, there would be slight need of the caution in the ninth verse. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are, etc. It surely would not require much wisdom to number the seven-hills on which the city was built, and where the woman sitteth. They, therefore, have a further meaning. Literally, it is the seven heads and seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And they are seven kings.”

In other words they are symbol-hills-i.e., symbols of the seven lands of rulers who administered the government. The mountains of hills were surrounded by “waters.” And these, we are expressly told, “are people, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.” The spectacle, therefore, which John saw, symbolized the “ancient rulers of the empire as well as its kings, in its last form;” and also the subjects over which it ruled. And in this, its clear, symbolic sense, the fact is undoubtedly as the apostle states it. When the English law says, “The king never dies,” it simply means that while a State lasts, the kingly power never departs from it. Its form may change, but the supreme power always remains. And so, when Charles I was beheaded, and Cromwell assumed the reins of government, that maxim was still true. The kingly power remained, though no king ruled then in England. {May 24, 1864 JWe, ARSH 202.2}

So it is here. There were to be seven forms of kingly power. Five had then passed. One was, and the other had not come. Now history tells us that they were, 1. Kings; 2. Consul; 3. Dictators; 4. Decemvirs; and 5. Military Tribunes. The government was imperial when John lived. And so the angel said, “One is.” And the other was yet to come. This most probably, was “false, Christian Imperial, commencing with Constantine, in the year 312, and falling at the subversion of the Western Empire in 476.” And the ten horns, which had not then arisen, were the ten kingdoms which were to appear
when the beast arose out of the abyss of waters. They were to exercise their power with the beast. And so they have ever done. And so, in the ten toes of the image; and the ten horns of the beast of the Apocalypse; we have the same truth that is revealed in this vision of Daniel. {May 24, 1864 JWe, ARSH 202.3}

Q. I’ve heard that we should start the sequence of seven kings in 1929. What about this?

A. A simple problem with this idea is that the seven popes identified as coming after 1929 never ruled the seven hills. The papacy lost control of the seven hills of Rome in 1870 for the last time. It seems more appropriate to start the sequence while the woman still controlled the seven hills.

Another problem is that we would then have the horns coming before the heads. Unquestionably the ten horns must be the same as the ten toes and horns of Daniel 2 and 7. If the heads don’t come until 1929, then the horns predate the heads by over 1400 years, for the horns all arose in the fifth century.

Pope Benedict is NOT what you call “the 7th Pope of Revelation,” as Revelation does not give any numeration of popes

By Philton Moore:

One obvious reason the seven heads cannot be seven popes, is simply this: if the 7th head is a pope, then all the heads must also be popes (head 1-7). But that cannot be, as John said, that at the time he was seeing the vision, “five are [were] fallen, one is and the other is not yet come…” There were no popes before John’s prophecy (so there could not be five fallen popes), nor were there any pope in existence when he wrote his prophecy (so there could be no pope that “is”: i.e. “one is”, meaning in existence at the time he saw the vision).

See more on this later from P.D. Stuart’s work.

This is in accordance with not just history, but the writings of Uriah Smith (see Daniel and Revelation, p. 711, where he says, “it [the seven heads] represents seven phases of” Pagan Rome’s “civil power” and the eight is the Papal power, that includes all the popes as one head, i.e. the eighth form of Roman government is the papal or religious form). E.G. White confirms Smiths book as from God.

Smith writes on p. 77: “Since we have already shown that papal Rome grew out of and succeeded pagan Rome, we must conclude that the eighth head, which is of the seven… represents the papacy…” In other words, the 7th is not the papacy, only the eighth as Smith and E.G. White affirms.

Another reason is that “the other [that] is not yet come:}”: was to continue a short space, i.e. for a short time. The Papacy has not continued a short time but way too long! On the contrary, the true 7th head/or form of Rome’s civil government (the Dukedom), continued “a short space” just 200 years. So says Edward Gibbon and others besides. See proof later.

The “beast that was and is not and yet is” in Rev. 17:8 is the old PAGAN Roman power/or cult that appeared to have died (“is not”) with the fall of the Emperors, but yet lives or continues (“yet is”) through the papal form of that power (i.e. PAGANISM CONTINUES in the papal form under the popes: the eighth).

So we must be very careful not to teach that which contradicts the SOP or the old landmarks of our faith. Your analysis in your latest newsletter is entirely speculative. And need not be, as there is no need to speculate on this prophecy when both the pioneers and E.G. White, plus history, as PD. Stuart shows, all confirm what the 7th and 8th heads are!

The long extract below, from P.D. Stuart’s book will give even more historical proof of this than Uriah Smith does, and from the best sources too.  P.D. Stuart’s “Anti-Christ Is a Woman—Alive, and Well, Again!”, Chapter XX, pages 186-192, as: http://www.luxverbi.org.uk/arch/Anti-Christ_Is_A_Woman-Book2_Codeword_Barbelon.htm

Nor does the expression “is not” have anything to do with “when it [the Vatican] became an isolated ecclesiastical power without land (1870–1929).”

The term “is not” is a well-used expression in Scripture and is always used to mean ONLY one thing: i.e. a thing or person that is no longer existence or dead, respectively. When used in reference to a human being, it means that person is dead or believed to be dead. When used in reference to a thing other than a human being, it means that thing is no longer in existence.

It has no connection to land or being “without land” or without “power”. See e.g., Gen, 42:13, 32, 36; and 44:20.

“And they said, Thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one [i.e. Joseph] is not.” – Gen, 42:13.

“We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.” – Gen, 42:32.

“And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.” – Gen, 42:36. See, also verse 38.

“And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.” – Gen. 44:20.

“And told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob’s heart fainted, for he believed them not.” – Gen. 45:26. See, chap 46, verse 30.

Further, there is another serious flaw with your analysis, which I another fellow SDA has just reminded me of, which, that “The SDAs… do not believe there is a time prophecy beyond 1844. The time chart provided by Prophecy Research Initiative from 1929 to 2015 is quite futuristic. Revelation 10:6 tells us after the unsealing of the book of Daniel, there is no more time prophecy (“time no longer”). All prophetic time periods ended in the 1844. Inspiration has given us no reason to speculate about time and prophecy beyond that point.”

As to your interpretation of Rev. 17:8-11, here is a more likely interpretation to the riddle as given by P.D. Stuart in “Anti-Christ Is a Woman—Alive, and Well, Again!”, Chapter XX, pages 186-192, which appears to give a full and complete answer to your understanding of Rev. 17:8-11 [all emphasis are mine]:

SEVEN KINGS; FIVE ARE FALLEN, ONE IS, AND THE OTHER IS YET TO COME…. AND THE BEAST… IS THE EIGHTH
“And there are seven kings; five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition” ~ Rev. 17:10, 11.

CONCERNING THE HISTORY OF ANTI-CHRIST, the angel of Revelation informed the Apostle John that in the history and progress of this system there would be eight kings: five of whom were already fallen (past tense), one of whom existed at the time, a seventh that was still to come; and a beast power, the eighth (also at that time yet to come) and which would also be one of the seven. John says that this last, or eight king-power would go into perdition (or final destruction).

Who are these eight kings? And how could the eighth (called a beast) also be one of the seven kings before it? At first this seems to make no sense whatsoever, not least because a beast is said to be a king. This is a great riddle, “a Holy Ghost riddle,” and we must solve it. Let us turn to history, and see whether there is anything there which corresponds with this angelic prediction. We shall solve this riddle using the words of Revelation itself. “And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didst thou marvel? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and ten horns” (Rev 17:7).

Having seven heads and ten horns?—see also Dan. 7:7, 20: Rev. 13:1; 17:3, 9-12. Horns represent the power to defend ones position or attack an enemy: Deut. 33:17; 1 Kings 22:11; Dan. 8:3-10. The more horns the more power.
What are the sevenheads? The angel said to John in the earlier verses of Revelation chapter 17: “Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore…. So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast… having seven heads and ten horns…. here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth” (Rev. 17:1,3, 9).

A woman is, as we have already seen, the symbol of a church. This woman is called “Mother of Harlots,” therefore she must be an impure or corrupt church (see again, Hosea 4:15; Isaiah 1:21, Jeremiah 3:1). We have already arrived at the conclusion, that the church (the woman riding the beast) is no other than the Church of Rome, a conclusion which will be even more abundantly clear hereinafter.

But what are the “seven mountains” upon which the woman sits? William J. Reid explains in his Lectures on the Revelation‎, “This part of the angel’s explanation [seven mountains] is of great clearness and importance. It describes and fixes the locality of the civil power symbolized by the beast in such a way as precludes the possibility of mistake. There is a city builded upon seven hills which has long been known as the seven-hilled city [proved in my earlier chapter, to be Rome]. This name is well known to every student of history.”[1]

To confirm this interpretation, the angel tells us that “the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth” (Rev. 17: 18). And so, what first seemed to be a great mystery and a riddle is by this explanation from the angel plainly made to appear, “that ‘that great city which reigneth over the kings of the earth’ is the city of Rome!”[2]—situated on the banks of the river Tiber: 410 miles SSE. of Vienna; 600 SE. of Paris; 730 E. by N. of Madrid; 760 W. of Constantinople; and 780 SE. of London; longtitude 12°. 55’. E., latitude 41°. 54’. N.

For what city but Rome reigned over the kings of the earth at the time John had his visions? In this language of Scripture as given in Revelation, the Church of Rome is presented to us, no longer under the cryptic symbolism of a harlot, but in plain language as a wealthy city that would have power over the rulers of the earth! Yes, reader, O horror! the City, is the seat of the blood-stained persecutor, papal Rome!

The angel tells us still further, “And there are seven kings; five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition” (Rev. 17:10, 11). There are many fanciful interpretations of this passage. … that these are seven literal popes, and that Pope Benedict is the seventh and after him the eight, the final one, will come.

Is this notion correct or founded on speculation? And what does the prophecy mean by the seemingly nonsensical phrase, “the eighth… is of the seven”? Lo! Reader, on this very point a discovery has been made by the Holy Spirit: The seven kings represent, not seven individuals, or seven popes as some have speculated, but rather seven different phases of Roman government (or seven forms of the Roman government) that ruled from the seven-hilled city, at different periods, during the empire.

That this is no mere fanciful assertion on my part, made up to give credibility to my own theory, I here quote the well known historian of Rome Tacitus: “In the beginning, Rome was governed by kings. Then L. Brutus gave to her liberty and the consulship. A temporary power was conferred on the dictators. The authority of the decemvirs [initially] did not continue beyond the space of two years, neither was the power of the military tribunes of long duration…. the arms of Lepidus and Antony were surrendered to Augustus, who united all things… under the name of prince in the imperial government.”[3]

Tacitus here expressly mentions six forms of Roman government. That leaves just two more forms of government to be confirmed as having existed either under the Roman Empire or subsequent to it.

William Reid confirms, “The seven heads of the beast symbolize not only the seven-hilled city which was the capital of the Roman empire, but also the sevenfold government of that empire.”[4] This is a well known historical fact, that “there were seven modes of administering the civil power of Rome: Kings, consuls, dictators, decemvirs, tribunes, emperors and dukes had one after another held the scepter.”[5] But the prophecy says, “five are fallen” (viz., kings, consuls, dictators, decemvirs, and military tribunes) “and one is,” meaning, the six form of Roman government, that of the emperors, which was the sixth form in historical order, and was the one then subsisting when the apostle wrote.

The prophecy continues, “and the other is not yet come,” that is to say a dukedom which form of government, as the prophecy said, “must continue [but] a short space,” or short time. This was the seventh form, which lasted about 160 years, some say 200 years, either of which is a short time compared to the duration of most of the other forms of Roman government that preceded it, or in fact of the papal power (popish) form which followed the dukedom.

Was the dukedom of Rome of short duration? According to the renowned historian Edward Gibbon, it continued “for a period of two hundred years,”[6] when “Italy was… divided, unequally, between the kingdom of the Lombards and the exarchate of Ravenna.”[7] If there was ever a man to whom we can go to for the history of ancient Rome, Gibbons is the one. I accept his word.

The prophecy then adds, “And the beast[8] that was, and is not, even he is the eighth” (Rev. 17:11). This eighth form of Roman government, being after the dukedom, could only be that of the popes: for although seemingly different from all the forms of Roman government that came before it, yet it “is of the seven.” What proof have we to back this interpretation? Read Daniel 7:7-8 where it tells us that the fourth kingdom, the papal horn, or power, would uproot three of the ten horns of the seven-headed beast, leaving seven horns, with the little horn BECOMING THE EIGHTH but yet belonging to the seven, because it came out of the nations that make up the final kingdoms left after the demise of the Roman Empire. Seven horns plus one horn is eight: “And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth” (Rev. 17:11).

The beast of Revelation 17:3, 7 upon which the “mystery” woman sites is clearly the same beast of Revelation 13, for both beasts have seven heads and ten horns: “And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy” (Rev. 13:1). Likewise, the beast of Daniel 7:7-8 is also the same beast of Revelation 13 and 17, for it too has ten horns, but being depicted in its final state (when the previous seven heads or forms of government had already passed away), it is seen by Daniel as having ten horns but on just one head, the final form (or head), which is papal.

Papal Rome (the pope’s kingdom of blasphemies) is a prolongation of the same Pagan dominion of the ancient Roman Empire, under the guise of a Christian Church, for the angel told Daniel that the eighth horn, although it “shall be diverse [different]” in form or presentation from the other seven horns, would be one of them. Said the illustrious Bishop Newton, “It is the same old idolatrous persecuting domination in its last form of being, the very form in which it is destined to go into everlasting perdition; it shall not, as it did before, cease for a time, and revive again, but shall be destroyed for ever.”[9]

Yes, the eighth was to go into perdition: “And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth,… and goeth into perdition” (Rev. 17:11). What beast is this? There is only one great beast mentioned in Revelation to which this could apply: that is the same beast of Revelation chapters 12, 13 and 17, whose mark is 666. The beast is the the Devil acting through the Roman Empire and its Papal remnant. The word “perdition” is significant as the Apostle Paul calls the pope, “the son of perdition.” Why reader, here we have the connection between the pope and the beast [or dragon] of Revelation! And his kingdom, the Papacy, would be “the last [eighth] form of the civil power of Rome.”[10]
Reader, hitherto is the end of the matter! We cannot withhold our amazement at the wonderful correspondence between the angel’s explanation and the facts of history. To steal and adapt the words of the learned Joseph Mede—who but the willing ignorant can dispute the synchronism[11] and order of the Apocalyptical prophecies, which are NO HYPOTHETICAL ALLEGORIES OR PRECONJECTURE, but firmly demonstrated from the very characters of the visions themselves, purposely inserted by the Holy Spirit, and offered to examination according to a self-evident scheme: so that it may prove, as it were—by these clues to those who are involved in the unraveling of the sacred labyrinth—a Lydian stone, or touchstone to discover the truth, and at the same time to refute every other erroneous interpretation of this prophecy.

[1] William J. Reid, Lectures on the Revelation (Pittsburgh: Stevenson, Foster & Co, 1878), p. 400.
[2] Chandler Curtis, The Mystery of iniquity unveiled: or, Popery unfolded and refuted… (Boston: Crocker & Brewster, 1866), p. 407.[3] See, Tacitus, Annal, lib. i. cap. 1 (Bk 1, chap. 1):—“Urbem Romam a principio Beges habuere. Libertatem et Oonsulatum L. Brutus instituit. Dictatura ad tempus sumobantur. Neque Deecmviralis potestas ultra biennium, neque tribunorum militurn consulare jus diu vasuit… Lepidi atque Antonii arma in Augustum cessere ; qui cuncta, discordiis civilibus fessa, nomine Prxncipis sub imperium accepit.”[4] Reid, Lectures on the Revelation, op. cit., p. 401.
[5]Ibid., p. 403.
[6] Gibbon, The decline and fall of the Roman Empire‎ (1962 edn.), p. 248.
[7] Ibid.
[8] Which beast? “The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition” – Rev. 17:11.
[9] Bishop Newton’s Dissertations on the Prophecies, Dissert. xxv., Vol. 3 (London: 1759?), op. cit., p. 285.
[10] William J. Reid, Lectures on the Revelation (PITTSBURGH: Stevenson, Foster & Co, 1878), p. 404.
[11] The synchronism being of the prophecies concurring with historic events predicted therein within the same time.

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Posted on 19/02/2013, in prophecy and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. 4 Comments.

  1. Evenso Ndlovu

    Everything detailed in the prophecy has to be viewed from the wilderness perspective (Spiritual wilderness). The idea that there were no popes when he wrote the prophecy is neither hear nor there because John was taken to many years in the future. I however agree that, 7 kings are not popes. This is what I think they represent; 1. Babylon, 2. Medo-Persia, 3. Greece, 4. Pagan Rome 5. Papal Rome 6. Communism (Ruling during John’s vision) 7. USA (Who is ruling now and will rule a few more years until one of the 7 (8th King) assumes rulership (Papal Rome). Papal Rome is of the 7 but he is the 8th King (The seat, not individual Popes).

  2. Sandra (@createsjg)


    This was easier for me

  3. But What 10 kings hate her and will burn her!!?

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